Fondren Pet Care Center, Veterinary Hospital Mary C. Fondren, DVM
4145 Burns Rd. Palm Beach Gardens, FL 33410 (561) 627-7688
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CANINE PARVOVIRUS

by Brittany Carames

Description: Extremely contagious!!!! Parvovirus is primarily a gastrointestinal disease. Very young dogs and unvaccinated dogs are most likely to contract the virus. Unsanitary conditions and large crowds (shelter, kennel, etc.) help to spread the virus.

Causes/Transmission: Unlike other viruses, Parvovirus is extremely stable in the environment and is resistant to the effects of heat, detergents and alcohol. The virus is also resistant to decay or time. It can survive for long periods of time and be transmitted to any dog by simple contact with contaminated objects such as shoes, toys, clothing, insects, etc. Feces of infected dogs contain the most viral particles. Dogs become infected by ingesting the virus but there does not have to be direct contact between the 2 dogs. Dogs that become infected with the virus will become ill within 7-10 days and sometimes sooner.

Clinical Signs: The primary signs are gastrointestinal and include diminished appetite, lethargy, vomiting and diarrhea. Vomiting is often severe and diarrhea is profuse and bloody.

Diagnostic Testing: There are several different tests that can be performed:

Treatment: ISOLATION!!!!! Treatment is largely supportive with intravenous fluids, plasma transfusions and anti-vomiting medications. More severe cases can be treated with whole blood transfusions, intravenous antibiotics and injectable vitamin supplements.

Can Humans Get It?: No


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